METABOLIC SYNDROME IN PATIENTS OF ACUTE CORONARY SYNDROME

Zahid Iqbal, Muhammad Shahid, Fawad Qadir, hadi Yousuf Saeed, Muhammad Tahir Mohyudin, Abu Bakar Ali Saad

Abstract


Objective: To determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in patients of acute coronary syndrome.

Methodology: This cross-sectional study was conducted in department of cardiology, CPE institute of cardiology Multan. A total of 150 patients of ACS who were admitted in the hospital from Oct-2018 to March-2019 were included. Patients demographics, reason for admission in hospital were noted. Waist circumference, body mass index (BMI), serum lipid profile, and fasting blood sugar was measured in all patients.

Results: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) was diagnosed in 53 (35.3%). Frequency of heart failure was lower in Non-MetS group; 17 (17.5%) versus 15 (28.3%) in MetS group (p-value 0.12). STEMI was 10 (18.8%) in MetS group whereas it was 28 (28.8%) in Non-MetS group (p-value 0.18). Arrhythmias occurred in 5 (9.4%) in MetS group; as compared to 5 (5.15%) in Non-MetS group (p-value 0.32).

Conclusion: The prevalence of MetS in present study was 35.3% and these patients were mostly female and obese. These were more likely admitted because of heart failure and arrhythmias.

Key Words: Metabolic syndrome, Acute coronary syndrome, heart failure, myocardial infarction


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