PATTERNS OF CARDIOTHORACIC DISEASES AND PROCEDURES IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL OF PESHAWAR
Objectives: To determine the common cardiovascular and congenital heart diseases that required admission and surgical intervention in a tertiary care hospital of Peshawar.
Methodology: This was a retrospective study at the cardiothoracic surgery ward of Rehman Medical Institute (RMI). All the admissions over the period of 9 years from 2005 to 2014 into the cardiothoracic surgery ward were reviewed. The data acquired was put into Microsoft Excel 2013 and analyzed using pivot tables for frequencies of different procedures and diagnosis.
Results: A total of 9343 patients were admitted during the 9-year period. There were 6516 (69.7%) males and 2827 (30.3%) females. The male to female ratio was 2.30:1. The ages ranged from 1 year to 99 years. Mean age was 41.32 ± 20.56 years. The highest proportion of admissions was in the 50-59 years’ age group followed by 60-69 years and 40-49 years. Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (4617) was the most common procedure performed. Triple Vessel Disease (37%) was the most commonly presented disease to the RMI Cardiology Unit.
Conclusion: Majority of patients presented with triple vessel disease and male outnumbered female. CABG was the commonest procedure performed at RMI Cardiac Surgery Unit, Peshawar.
Keywords: Cardiovascular Diseases, Heart Valves, Coronary Diseases
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