PREVALENCE AND ASSOCIATED RISK FACTORS OF ADHESIVE CAPSULITIS IN POST CARDIAC SURGERY PATIENTS
Objectives: To find prevalence and associated risk factors of adhesive capsulitisin post cardiac surgery patients.
Methodology: This cross-sectional survey was conducted in Surgical OPD ofArmed forces Institute of Cardiology and National institute of heart diseasesRawalpindi (AFIC/NIHD). from May 2016 to June 2017. Non probabilityconvenience sampling technique was used to collect data from both the male andfemale participants undergone cardiac surgery between 3-6 months, coming forfollow up with age above 40 years. Semi structured questionnaire regarding riskfactors was used to collect data. For association chi-square test was used.
Results: The total of 300 patients were included. The mean age of the studyparticipants was 55.78±7.27 years. The prevalence of the adhesive capsulitisamong cardiac surgery patient was found in 87(29%). The results also showedthat age (X =20.29, p<0.001), gender(X =66.48, p<0.001), diabetes 2 2(X =74.89, p<0.001), shoulder immobility after surgery (X =11.99, p<0.001) 2 2and physical activity in study participants before surgery was also significantlyassociated (X =46.8, p<0.001) with adhesive capsulitis. 2
Conclusion: The study concluded that adhesive capsulitis (AC) is highlyprevalent in post cardiac surgery patients. It was also concluded increasing age,diabetes, female gender, longer duration of immobility of shoulder and inactivitybefore surgery significantly contribute in the prevalence of AC in post cardiacsurgery patients.
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