ASSOCIATION OF DIETARY HABITS AND LIFE STYLE BEHAVIORS WITH CARDIO VASCULAR RISK FACTORS AMONG PATIENTS WITH CORONARY ARTERY DISEASES

Muhammad Imran, Muhammad Aqeel Kunwar, Mehwish Zeeshan, Muhammad Nauman Khan, Najia Aslam Soomro, Tariq Ashraf, Musa Karim, Saira Yahya, Rashida Qasim

Abstract


Objectives: To determine the association of dietary habits and  lifestyle behaviors with cardiovascular diseases risk factors.

Methodology: It is a cross-sectional study of a total of 200 cardiovascular disease patients. Data related to age, gender, demographic characteristics, clinical history, dietary habits, lifestyle behaviors, smoking were collected with the help of a questionnaire. Anthropometric measurements like height, weight, BMI, waist circumference (WC) and biochemical parameters like fasting blood glucose, total cholesterol, triglycerides, HDL-C, and LDL-C were analyzed by standardized methods. Data were analyzed by means of SPSS software version 21. Results having p-value ≤ 0.05 were considered as statistically significant.

Results: The mean age of the 200 participants was 59.5 ± 11.0 years. The commonly observed modifiable CVD risk factors were smoking (39.5%), abnormal WC (77%), abnormal systolic blood pressure (83.5%), abnormal fasting blood glucose (82%), abnormal cholesterol (51.5%), and abnormal triglycerides (84.5%). Frequency of weekly read meat consumption was 66%, similarly, vegetables and fruits, chicken, and fast food consumption was 64.5%, 52.5%, and 76.5% respectively. Nearly one third (31%) of the participants had sedentary lifestyle. The results of the study evaluated that bakery products found to be significantly associated with an increased WC with odds ratio (OR) of 2.18 [1.06 - 4.47]; p=0.034. Surprisingly, use of chicken was found to be lesser associated with SBP > 130 mmHg with  OR of 0.19 [0.04 - 0.91];  p=0.037 and use of vegetables and fruits was found to be associated with inceased incidence of LDL > 100 mg/dl with OR of 2.34 [1.09 - 5.04]; p=0.029 respectively.

Conclusion:Dietary habits are significantly associated with cardiovascular risk factors than lifestyle behaviors.

Key Words: Cardiovascular Diseases, Dietary habits, Life Style Behaviors, Risk Factors.

 


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