Evaluation of Nurses’ Practices Towards Caring of Children with Urinary Tract Infection
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Background: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is among the most common bacterial illnesses seen by pediatricians”. “Diagnosis and management of acute and recurrent urinary tract infections in children remain contentious. The classification of urinary tract infections (UTIs) into three groups, febrile upper UTI acute pyelonephritis, lower UTI cystitis, and asymptomatic bacteriuria. A urinary tract infection is clinically diagnosed based on< symptoms and verified bacterial <growth in the urine. The nurse plays a critical role in halting the transmission of infection. She can achieve this by applying suitable infection control methods to limit the transmission of germs and by breaking or blocking the transfer of infection from one chain link to the next.
Objectives: To “evaluate the level of nurses ' practices about care of children with urinary tract infection, to reduce urinary tract infection and to determine the relationship between nursesꞌ practices and their demographic data characteristic.
Methodology: A quasi-experimental design (control and study group) has been carried out at al- Diwaniyah Pediatric and Maternity Teaching Hospital in al-Diwaniyah City from 14th September 2022 to 23th April 2023and a probability (Random) sample of (50) nurses who have been actually working in the Diwaniyah Pediatric and Maternity Teaching Hospital .those nurses are divided into two groups, study and control groups, each group consisted of (25) nurses.
To evaluate nursing staffs' practice about Care of Children with urinary tract Infections through the use of practice checklist includes (11) nursing roles to prevent UTIs among Children. Reliability of instrument was determined through the use of Cronbach's alpha approach and the instrument validity was determined through a panel of (14) experts.
Results: the results showed a positive effectiveness of educational program. It also shows that there are highly significant differences in the study group between pre and post-tests at significance level P ≤ 0.05.
Conclusion: the study concluded that the nurses working at Diwaniyah Pediatric and Maternity Teaching Hospital have the minimum level of experience in urinary tract Infections control and need educational program and sessions.
Recommendations: the study recommended that training and teaching all the nursing team regardless of their work place to minimize or control on urinary tract infection and using pictures and educational booklets concerning UTI control in different sections..
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