Detection of ABO And Rhesus Phenotyping Prevalence among Volunteer Blood Donors Attended Tertiary Care Hospital Blood Bank

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Hamad Omar Ali, R.K Choudhary, Sunil Kumar*, Attuluri Vamsi Kumar


Background:ABO and Rhesus-types antigens are particularly important for blood transfusion due to clinical implications as, hemolytic anemias, transfusion reaction, and erythroblastosis are caused by antibodies reacting with antigens. Objectives: The aim detection of ABO And Rhesus Phenotyping prevalence among Volunteer Blood Donors who attended tertiary care Hospital blood banks.Method:ABO and Rhesus phenotyping tests were performed on blood samples drawn from the donors by an accepted standard laboratory procedure for ABO and Rhesus types. Results:The study covered 995 blood donors aged 18-28 is the lowest age which is 44.4% and >78 is the peak age having a 33.3% of group donors. The percentage of gender shows that Male donors are predominant at 68.3% compared to donor females are only 31.7% of all. In the present study, we noticed that the donor's blood was enrolled in 995. 680 males and 315 females. The observation found blood group O was highest at 47.7% then followed by next of A at 25.8%, B at 22.5%, and AB at 3.9% presented. The percentage of Rhesus phenotyping of blood donors was 90.5% Rhesus-positive and Rhesus-negative 9.5%. Conclusion:The greatest common blood type is O and the least common is AB. Where the Rhesus D was 90.5% positive and 9.5% Rhesus D negative.

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