A Systematic Review of Digestive Problems in Children and the Elderly Involved in Infectious Diseases, Relying on Nursing and Medical Measures

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Rafat Khamda
Farshad Divsalar
Nahid Mirzaei Tirabadi
Neda Nikbakht Sani
Forugh Charmduzi


Children due to their playfulness and the elderly usually have a weak immune system due to underlying diseases and old age. Poor functioning of the digestive system and digestive diseases of children and the elderly can directly affect their growth. Most diseases occur in old age. The cause of this can be wrong lifestyle, environmental factors or genetic factors. But what is important is familiarity with these diseases and ways to prevent their occurrence. In the present study, by examining more than 50 articles according to the key words "Child and elderly immune system", "Genetic factors", "Underlying diseases", it was concluded that digestive problems in children, when they continue, can cause concern. But for most children, many digestive problems arise due to an underdeveloped digestive system or non-rich diets. Dysphagia (difficulty or discomfort when swallowing), gastroesophageal reflux, gastric cancer, irritable bowel syndrome, intestinal obstruction, and constipation are the most common digestive problems in children and the elderly, which may present with various symptoms such as pain, fever, diarrhea, and vomiting. In addition to examining the patient at the bedside, doctors may prescribe various diagnostic methods such as endoscopy and colonoscopy. In summary, digestive problems in the elderly and children can be largely controlled by changing lifestyle and diet in the early stages. But in the middle stages, drug interventions are usually needed for treatment, finally, in the advanced stage of this disease and for the rapid improvement of the patient's condition, it may be necessary to perform surgery in the digestive system.

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