RADIAL ARTERY OCCLUSION- A BURDEN OR A CHALLENGE?
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Objective: To determine the frequency of radial artery occlusion (RAO) inpatients undergoing coronary procedures via transradial catheterization (TRC).
Methodology: This cross sectional study included patients who underwentcoronary procedures successfully via TRC. Total duration of study was 6 months,from 3 August 2015 to 2 February 2016 and was done in Shifa InternationalHospital Islamabad. Information about coronary procedures, its length, RAO andinterval of its occlusion was collected. Findings of the study were described asfrequency and percentages. Secondary analysis of RAO with relation to age,gender, coronary procedures and its length wass established.
Results: Out of 141 patients that were enrolled for study, 68.8% were males . Themean age of patients was 57.62 10.1years. Total of 39 (27.7%) patientsunderwent diagnostic coronary angiogram whereas 102 (72.3%) patients hadPCI. RAO developed in 10 (7.1%) patients, statistically higher among age groupabove 50 years and in females.
Conclusion: Relatively low incidence of RAO was found in our sample populationundergoing coronary procedures via TRC, comparable with international studiesand less than documented in other local studies.